S.C : Whether the above petition under Art. 32 of the Constitution should be decided by this Court or whether we should direct the petitioners to approach the High Court under Art. 226 of the Constitution.

Supreme Court Of India

P.N. Kumar & Anr. vs. Municipal Corporation Of Delhi

E. S. Venkataramiah & K. N. Singh, JJ.

CMP No. 8678 of 1986 in WP No. 9144 of 1983

2nd November, 1987

Counsel Appeared
G. Vishwanath Iyer, with M. K. D. Namboodri & S. Balakrishnan, for the Petitioner : R. B. Datar & V. B. Saharya for the Respondent


In this writ petition, the petitioners have prayed for the issue of a writ in the nature of certiorari or any other appropriate order or direction quashing the order No. Tax/HQ/Spl. Cell/83-1948 dt. 4th Aug., 1983 issued by the Deputy Assessor and Collector of the Assessment and Collection Department of the Municipal Corporation of Delhi fixing he rateable value of the property of the petitioners at Rs. 12,10,300 w.e.f. 9th June, 1981, and the consequent bill No. 180/II dt. 4th Aug., 1983, served on the petitioners making a demand for arrears of Rs. 14,07,328 as a composite amount of property tax, fire tax, water tax, scavenging tax and education tax and making any other order as the Court deems fit. The first petitioner is a shareholder and company secretary of the company, M/s Siddarth Inter-Continental Hotels (India) Ltd. and the second petitioner is M/s Siddharth Inter-Continental Hotels (India) Ltd. On 26th Oct., 1987, we passed an order adjourning the case to 2nd Nov., 1987, to hear learned counsel for the parties on the question whether the above petition under Art. 32 of the Constitution should be decided by this Court or whether we should direct the petitioners to approach the High Court under Art. 226 of the Constitution. Accordingly, we have heard learned counsel.

We are of the view that this petition should be disposed of without expressing any opinion on the merits of the case reserving liberty to the petitioners to file a petition, if so advised, before the High Court under Art. 226 of the Constitution. We accordingly dispose of this petition for the following reasons : (1) The scope of the powers of the High Courts under Art. 226 of the Constitution is wider than the scope of the powers of this Court under Art. 32 of the Constitution. (2) The relief prayed for in the petition is one which may be granted by the High Court and any of the parties who is dissatisfied with the judgment of the High Court can approach this Court by way of an appeal. The fact that some case involving the very same point of law is pending in this Court is no ground to entertain a petition directly bypassing the High Court. (3) If the parties get relief at the High Court, they need not come here and to that extent the burden on this Court is reduced.(4) The hearing of the case at the level of the High Court is more convenient from several angles and will be cheaper to the parties. It saves lot of time too. It will be easier for the clients to give instructions to their lawyers. (5) Our High Courts are High Courts. Each High Court has its own high traditions. They have judges of eminence who have initiative, necessary skills and enthusiasm. Their capacity should be harnessed to deal with every type of case arising from their respective areas, which they are competent to dispose of. (6) Every High Court Bar has also its high traditions. There are eminent lawyers practising in the High Courts with wide experience in handling different kinds of cases, both original and appellate. They are fully aware of the history of every legislation in their States. Their services should be made available to the litigants in the respective States. (7) This Court has no time today even to dispose of cases which have to be decided by it alone and by no other authority. A large number of cases are pending from 10 to 15 years. Even if no new case is filed in this Court hereafter, with the present strength of judges, it may, take more than 15 years to dispose of all the pending cases. (8) If the cases which can be filed in the High Courts are filed in the High Court and not in this Court, this Court’s task of acting as a original Court which is a time-consuming process can be avoided and this Court will also have the benefit of the decision of the High Court when it deals with an appeal filed against such decision. (9) If cases which may be filed in the High Courts are filed in this Court, it would affect the initiative of the High Courts. We should preserve the dignity, majesty and efficiency of the High Courts. The takingover by this Court of the work which the High Courts can handle may undermine the capacity and efficiency of the High Courts and that should, therefore, be avoided. (10) Lastly, the time saved by this Court by not entertaining the cases which may be filed before the High Courts can be utilised to dispose of old matters in which parties are crying for relief.

These are some of the reasons which have compelled us to pass this order.

[Citation : 172 ITR 624]

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