High Court Of Punjab & Haryana
CIT vs. Shanti Swarup
Asst. Year 1980-81
Jawahar Lal Gupta & N.K. Agrawal, JJ.
IT Case No. 33 of 1998
22nd April, 1999
R.P. Sawhney with Rajesh Bindal, for the Revenue
JAWAHAR LAL GUPTA, J. :
The assessment year is 1980-81. The assessee filed the return of income of Rs. 11,245. It also claimed credits for an amount of Rs. 73,500. On an examination of the evidence adduced by the assessee, the ITO, Faridabad, disallowed the credits and made an addition of Rs. 73,500 to the income returned by the assessee. The appeal filed by the assessee was dismissed by the appellate authority. The assessee approached the Tribunal. Vide its order dt. 11th Feb., 1997, the Tribunal found that on the basis of the evidence adduced by the assessee, the view taken by the assessing and the appellate authorities was “unwarranted”. Consequently, the appeal was allowed. The Revenue approached the Tribunal with a petition under s. 256(1) of the IT Act, 1961. It prayed that the following question be referred to the High Court for its opinion :
“Whether, on the facts and in the circumstances of the case, the Tribunal was right in law in deleting the addition of Rs. 73,500 made on account of unexplained cash credits in the names of S/Shri Pritam Lal, Ramesh Chand, Bhulle Ram and Om Prakash?” The Tribunal considered the matter and found that its decision “is based on appreciation of evidence and accordingly the same is within the realm of facts and as such no question of law much less referable question of law arises out of the Tribunal’s order. . . . “. Hence, this petition under s. 256(2).
2. We have heard Mr. Sawhney, learned counsel for the petitioner. He contends that the burden of proving the capacity of advance loan was on the assessee and if the Tribunal reverses the decision of the assessing authority without meeting the reasons given by he authorities, its decision would raise a question of law. Learned counsel has also referred to certain decisions, viz., Hari Chand Virender Paul vs. CIT (1983) 140 ITR 148 (P&H); CIT vs. Sarvodaya Furnishers & Electricals (P) Ltd. (1994) 210 ITR 255 (All); CIT vs. Smt. Usha Jain (1990) 182 ITR 437 (Del) and Mehta Parikh & Co. vs. CIT (1956) 30 ITR 181 (SC). There is not quarrel with the proposition enunciated in these cases. However, so far as the present case is concerned, the assessee had initially produced the affidavits of four persons who had advanced loans but thereafter these persons had appeared before t he authority. Their statements were recorded. They were duly questioned. It is only after perusing the evidence recorded by the appropriate authority that the Tribunal has taken the impugned view. The credits as claimed by the assessee were allowed. The decision of the Tribunal is based on a pure appreciation of evidence. We are satisfied that no question of law arises.
Resultantly, the petition is dismissed.
[Citation : 255 ITR 655]