High Court Of Madhya Pradesh : Indore Bench
Bapurao vs. Assistant Director Of Income Tax & Ors.
N.K. Jain, J.
Writ Misc. Petn. No. 1148 of 1990
3rd July, 2000
J.W. Mahajan, for the Petitioner : R.L. Jain, for the Respondent
N.K. JAIN, J. :
By this petition under Art. 226/227 of the Constitution of India, petitioner Bapurao, an assessee under the IT Act, 1961 (for short, âthe Actâ), calls in question the two orders (Annexures âBâ and âCâ) made by respondents Nos. 1 and 2, respectively, purporting to act under the provisions of s. 132 of the Act. Pursuant to a warrant of authorisation issued by the Director of IT (Inv.), Pune, the respondent No. 1âAsstt. Director of Income Tax (Inv.) purporting to act under s. 132(1) of the Act, conducted search at the residential premises of the petitioner situated at 47, Gulmohar Colony, Indore, on 19th March, 1990, and 20th March, 1990 (vide Panchnama Annexure âAâ). Respondent No. 1 was of the view that undisclosed investment has been made in certain immovable properties as enumerated in the order Annexure-B and since it was not practical or feasible to take possession of those properties, he passed prohibitory order Annexure-B under s. 132(1) of the Act directing the petitioner not to part with or dispose of the said properties without his permission. Respondent No. 2 to whom jurisdiction under s. 132 was later on transferred, after necessary enquiry as envisaged under s. 132(5), on 16th July, 1990, passed impugned order Annexure âCâ endorsing the order Annexure-âBâ and directing retention of the said immovable properties.
The petitioner has assailed the aforesaid orders as without jurisdiction. It was contended that respondents No. 1 and 2 had no jurisdiction under s. 132 to seize or retain any immovable property as according to the petitioner, s. 132 in terms applies to only movables like books of accounts, other documents, money, bullion, jewellery or other valuable articles or things found as a result of such search.
As against it, respondents/Revenue have supported the impugned action and contended that immovable properties also fell within the ambit of s. 132. A preliminary objection was also taken that the petitioner before moving this Court under Art. 226/227 of the Constitution, ought to have exhausted alternative remedy as provided under sub-s. (11) of s. 132 of the Act.
Having heard learned counsel for the parties and considered the provisions of s. 132, I am clearly of the view that the entire action taken by the respondents No. 1 and 2 was without jurisdiction. Clause (B) of s. 132(1) provides for the action which the authorised officer may take in exercise of his power of search and seizure under s. 132(1). It authorises him to : 132(1)(B)â “(i) enter and search any building, place, vessel, vehicle or aircraft where he has reason to suspect that such books of account, other documents, money, bullion, jewellery or other valuable articles or thing are kept; (ii) break open the lock………………………………. (iia) search any person ………………………………… (iii) seize any such books of account, other documents money, bullion, jewellery or other valuable article or thing found as a result of such search; (iv) place marks of identification………………….. (v) make a note …………………..”
A plain reading of the aforesaid provision would show that while the authorised officer has power to enter and search any building, place, vessel or aircraft, he can seize only the books of account, other documents, money, bullion, jewellery or other valuable article or thing kept therein. He has no power to seize the building and the place itself which he has searched or other immovable properties of the assessee. Needless to add that order of retention under sub-s. (5) of s. 132 can be made only in respect of things and articles seized under sub-s. (1) not with respect of the building or the place searched. There is absolutely nothing in s. 132 which may authorise the officer to seize or retain any immovable property.
In Sardar Praduman Singh vs. Union of India & Ors. (1987) 62 CTR (Del) 59 : (1987) 166 ITR 115 (Del) : TC 60R.622, Division Bench of Delhi High Court has held that “Scope of s. 132 was limited to the articles and things mentioned in sub-s. (1), the section does not include within its ambit immovable properties……”. I, respectfully agree with the view taken by the Delhi High Court as no other interpretation of s. 132 is possible.
In the result the petition succeeds and is allowed and the impugned orders Annexures âBâ and âCâ are quashed. There shall be, however, no order as to costs. Security deposit, if any be refunded to the petitioner after verification.
[Citation : 247 ITR 98]