Madhya Pradesh H.C : The appellant Shri Radhika Prakashan (Raipur) (P) Ltd. filed the return on income on 31st Dec., 1990 declaring loss of Rs. 1,90,240.

High Court Of Madhya Pradesh

Shri Radhika Prakashan (Raipur) (P) Ltd. vs. CIT

Sections 40A(3), 68, 260A

Bhawani Singh, C.J. & Arun Mishra, J.

IT Appeal No. 96 of 2000

10th May, 2001

Counsel Appeared

A.P. Shrivastava, for the Appellant : None, for the Respondent



The appellant Shri Radhika Prakashan (Raipur) (P) Ltd. filed the return on income on 31st Dec., 1990 declaring loss of Rs. 1,90,240. The AO found certain purchases on 9th Nov, 1989, of Rs. 25,000, on 22nd Nov., 1989 of Rs. 15,000, on 4th Dec., 1989 of Rs. 18,000, on 11th Dec., 1989 of Rs. 25,000, on 23rd Dec., 1989 of Rs. 15,000 and on 25th Dec., 1989 of Rs. 17,000. The AO found that for said purchases the payments were made in cash of sum exceeding Rs. 10,000 otherwise than by a cross cheque drawn on a bank or by a crossed bank draft. The AO disallowed these expenditure and added the total sum of Rs. 1,16,000 to the disclosed income.

2. Before the AO it was submitted that the payments were made number of times in a day and as each transaction was below Rs. 10,000, the provision of s. 40A(3) was not attracted. However, this was not accepted by the AO. The appellant also submitted that the case was covered under r. 6DD (j) of the IT Rules as there were exceptional and unavoidable circumstances in not making payment by a cross cheque or by a crossed bank draft. This plea was also disallowed by the AO. Further a sum of Rs. 1,50,000 was shown on credit and was allegedly advanced out of agriculture income. The AO found that the nature and source of credit has not been explained satisfactorily and disallowed the credit and held the income to be from some undisclosed source. Aggrieved by the order of the AO an appeal was taken before the CIT(A). The appeal was partly allowed. Aggrieved by the order, an appeal was filed by the appellant before the Appellate Tribunal on the ground that addition of Rs. 1,16,000 under s. 40A(3) of the IT Act is illegal.

3. The learned counsel for appellant submits that in view of the Circular dt. 31st May, 1977, due to exceptional or unavoidable circumstances or because payment in manner aforesaid required under s. 40A was not practical or for genuine difficulty to the payee. The payments were so made, he also relied on decision of this Court in CIT vs. Triveniprasad Pannalal (1997) 142 CTR (MP) 562 : (1997) 228 ITR 680 (MP) : TC S18.2036 and decision in CIT vs. Aloo Supply Co. (1980) 121 ITR 680 (Ori) : TC 18R.509 and decision of Delhi High Court in CIT vs. Steller Investment Ltd. (1991) 99 CTR (Del) 40 : (1991) 192 ITR 287 (Del) : TC 42R.1095. It is further submitted that addition of Rs. 1,50,000 out of the share capital is bad in law.

On facts of the case, the Tribunal has recorded the finding that the assessee had failed to furnish any evidence in support of the explanation that the party had insisted on payment in cash and had expressed unwillingness to render services otherwise. It has also been found on facts that no case of exceptional or unavoidable circumstances for making the payment in cash has been made out. The finding recorded is that the assessee had consciously split up the payments in several payments so that each payment does not exceed Rs. 10,000 only to circumvent the provisions of law. Under the circumstance, the addition has been confirmed.

The decision of this Court in case of CIT vs. Triveniprasad Pannalal (supra) is not applicable to the instant case. It has been held that if the amount paid in cash does not exceed limit specified under s. 40A(3). Sec. 40A(3) did not apply, but, on facts in the instant case the finding recorded by the Tribunal is otherwise. The transaction having not been found to be split. There is no material placed before us to show that the transactions were split. Similarly the ratio of decision in CIT vs. Aloo Supply Co. (supra), has different factual matrix to operate.

With respect to addition of Rs. 1,50,000 it may be seen that the confirmation of the credit advanced by Ramesh Khandelwal was not filed even after notice. It has been found that the assessee had failed to discharge the onus and genuineness of the credit has not been found to be established. Both the questions raised are questions of facts based on appreciation of evidence and the findings are not shown to be perverse or such which could not be arrived at in a reasonable manner. Thus, we find no merits in the present appeal. Same is dismissed in limine.

[Citation : 257 ITR 675]

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