High Court Of Kerala
Bisonfield A Estate vs. Inspecting Assistant Commissioner (Special) & Ors.
Asst. Year 1978-79, 1979-80
Mrs. K.K. Usha & G. Sivarajan, JJ.
T.R.C. Nos. 3 & 35 of 1994
14th November, 1996
MRS. K. K. USHA, J. :
The revision cases are at the instance of the assessee under the Kerala Agrl. IT Act. They relate to the asst. yrs. 1978-79 & 1979-80, respectively. The following questions of law are raised in the revision petitions :
“(a) Whether, on the facts and circumstances of the case, the Tribunal was justified in interfering with the order of the Dy. CIT(A) in AITA No. 13 of 1985 dt. 11th March, 1986 ?
(b) Whether the assessing authority has the right to adopt a different method for the valuation of coffee pooled other than the method that was being adopted by the assessee and accepted without challenge by the Department during the past years ?
(c) Whether the Tribunal was justified in holding, inter alia, that the valuation of coffee made by the revision petitioner was incorrect even in the absence of the allegation made by the assessing authority that the revision petitioner has deliberately undervalued the coffee pooled with the Coffee Board ?
(d) Whether the assessing authority can resort to an estimate which ultimately results in feducory income being estimated which, subsequent events disclosed, is not actually reasonable ?
(e) Whether the Tribunal was justified in holding that subsequent payments received in subsequent years over and above what has been estimated reasonably by the revision petitioner is not bonus ?
(f) Whether the decision of the Tribunal is correct in view of the decision of the Karnataka High Court in Mrs. D.G. Graig Jones vs. State of Karnataka (1984) 43 CTR (Kar) 250 : (1984) 148 ITR 297 (Kar) : TC 1R.466, which decision has been followed by the Tribunal in AITA No. 401 of 1984 dt. 30th April, 1985, Chembra Peak Estates ?”
2. According to the revision petitioner, the main income obtained is from the sale of coffee pooled. It is alleged that the assessee maintained books of account, following the mercantile system of accounting. The coffee obtained by the assessee is pooled with coffee curers, namely, Chamundi Curing Works, who effect payment for the coffee pooled in instalments, depending upon the payment declared by the Coffee Board. The assessee files returns on the basis of a reasonable estimate of the value depending upon the instructions given by the pooling agent. Therefore, even though a much lesser amount is received as part consideration for the coffee pooled during the particular year, the assessee valued the same at a much higher rate than what has been initially paid. If any further amounts are received in the subsequent years over and above the amount valued by the assessee, such excess amount received would be treated as income during the year in which it was received and declared before the agricultural IT authorities. This system was being followed by the assessee for the last several years. But, for the asst. yrs. 1978- 79 and 1979-80, the assessing authority took the view that the entire consideration received by the assessee for the crop pooled in each year had to be taken as income of the particular year in which the sale took place. The matter was taken in appeal by the asses-see and the appellate authority (appeals) found that as per the consistent method of accounting followed by the assessee, the difference, if any, need be accounted only in the year in which it was received. The order passed by the appellate authority was taken in appeal by the Revenue before the Tribunal. Reliance was placed by the Department on the decision of the Supreme Court in State of Kerala vs. Bhavani Tea Produce Co. Ltd. (1966) 59 ITR 254 (SC) as well as Sheveroy Estates Ltd. vs. Government of Madras (1975) 100 ITR 14 (SC), in support of its contention. The Tribunal took the view that there is transfer of property in the accounting year. So, whatever amount is received subsequently also should be taken as income of the assessee for the asst. yr. in which sale was effected.
The assessee-revision petitioner has produced before this Court the assessment order and order passed by the appellate authority for the year 1974-75, the assessment order and the appellate order for the year 1976-77, the revised assessment order for 1976-77 giving effect to the order passed by the appellate authority, the assessment order and the appellate order for the asst. yr. 1977-78 and also the order passed by the Tribunal for the asst. yrs. 1974-75 & 1977-78 which would show that the assessee had been uniformly following the pattern of accounting which was to account for the additional amount received during the subsequent years as and when it was received and that such procedure was accepted by the authorities mentioned above. A common order was passed by the Tribunal in an appeal filed by the Revenue for the asst. yr. 1974-75 and an appeal filed by the assessee for the asst. yr. 1977-78. The Tribunal held that the first appellate authority has found that the assessee was following the mercantile method of accounting and it was being consistently followed. Reference was made to an earlier decision of the Tribunal. The Tribunal accepted the contention taken by the assessee.
Learned counsel appearing on behalf of the revision petitioner submitted that in view of the fact that the revision petitioner had been following the mercantile system and it was accounting for the additional amount received only during the years in which it was actually received and since the Department had been accepting such returns and passing assessment orders on that basis, there was no justification at this distance of time to take a different view. Reliance was placed by him on a decision of the Karnataka High Court in Mrs. D.G. Graig Jones vs. State of Karnataka (supra) in support of his contention that the value as estimated by the assessee in the return as per the mercantile system of accounting should be taken as the basis for computing the income.
The very same question involved in these cases had been the subject-matter of decision of a Bench of this Court in Commr. of Agrl. I.T. vs. Raja Rajeswari Narikelly Estate (1992) 103 CTR (Ker) 195 : (1993) 199 ITR 383 (Ker). After discussing the contentions in detail and referring to the decision of the Supreme Court in State of Kerala vs. Bhavani Tea Produce Co. Ltd. (supra), this Court rejected the contention of the assessee. It was held that since handing over of the coffee by the planter amounts to a sale to the Coffee Board and the mercantile system of accounting adopted by the assessee renders the income as one accrued in the year in which the relevant entry is made about the sale of the coffee to the Coffee Board, the difference in the amount as per the award made by the Coffee Board at a subsequent point of time, should also be treated as part of the income of the assessee during the year in which the sale was effected. While coming to the above conclusion, this Court considered the plea of the assessee that the procedure followed by the assessee was to account for the actual amount received by it in later years as and when it was received and, therefore, the assessee should not be compelled to deviate from the procedure followed by it. The above plea did not find favour with this Court. While coming to the above conclusion, this Court had followed the principle laid down by the Supreme Court in Bhavani Tea Produce Companyâs case (supra).
We respectfully follow the decision of this Court referred to above and disagree with the view taken by the Karnataka High Court in Mrs. D.G. Graig Jones vs. State of Karnataka (supra). In the light of the above, we answer the questions raised in these cases in the affirmative, against the assessee and in favour of the Revenue. References are answered as above.
[Citation : 233 ITR 656]