High Court Of Karnataka
CIT Vs. Appasaheb Baburao Kamble
Assessment Year : 2008-09
Section : 10(10C)
Mohan M. Shantanagoudar And K.N. Phaneendra, JJ.
IT Appeal No. 100115 Of 2014
December 10, 2014
Mohan M. Shantanagoudar, J. – The respondent-assessee is a retired employee of State Bank of India, Belgaum ; he filed his return of income on June 4, 2008, for the assessment year 2008-09 by declaring the total income of Rs. 6,94,390 ; during the said year, the assessee had exercised the option of voluntary retirement under the “exit option” scheme and claimed ex gratia/compensation amount as determined under section 10(10C) of the Income-tax Act, 1961. Though the original authority disallowed the claim of the assessee on the ground that the scheme of State Bank of India did not satisfy the conditions laid down under rule 2BA of the Income-tax Rules, 1962, the first appellate authority has allowed the claim of the asses- see by allowing the appeal filed by the assessee. The said order of the first appellate authority is confirmed by Income-tax Appellate Tribunal.
2. The order of the first appellate authority as confirmed by the Income-tax Appellate Tribunal are questioned in this appeal.
3. The Department has raised the following two questions of law :
“(i) Whether the Tribunal is justified in not considering the fact that the Commissioner of Income-tax (Appeals) has erred in ignoring e-circular on the ‘exit option’ scheme issued by the State Bank of India,’ Corporate Centre, Mumbai, wherein, as per paragraph 10, it is clearly mentioned that no exemption of ex gratia from income-tax under section 10(10C) of the Income-tax Act, 1961, is intended in that scheme ?
(ii) Whether the Tribunal is justified in upholding the findings of the Commissioner of Income-tax (Appeals) that the conditions mentioned in rule 2BA of the Income-tax Rules 1962, have been met ignoring the e-circular of the State Bank of India as well as the Board’s Instruction No. 200/34/2009-IT.I, dated October 6, 2009, wherein it is clearly mentioned that the scheme framed by the State Bank of Patiala and State Bank of India does not lay out eligibility for deduction under section 10(10C) ?”
4. So far as the first question of law is concerned, the Income-tax Appellate Tribunal on facts has concluded that the respondent-assessee has served for a period of more than 10 years and at the time of retirement he was more than 40 years. The second exit option scheme of the State Bank of India was introduced to reduce the staff. It was just impossible to continue the new environment of computerisation applied to the workers and officers. The scheme has resulted in overall reduction of the employees. The assessee has furnished the declaration that he has not accepted any commercial employment in any company or concern belonging to the same management. Thus, on the facts, the first appellate authority has con- cluded that all the conditions laid down in rule 2BA of the Income-tax Rules are fulfilled. Hence, virtually the first question of law as raised by the Department is answered by the first appellate authority. Such order of the first appellate authority is confirmed by the Income-tax Appellate Tribunal. In addition to the same, any provision giving the benefit to the assessee generally will be interpreted in favour of the assessee generally.
5. In respect of the second question of law, as raised by the Department, is no more res integra in view of the judgment of the Bombay High Court in the case of CIT v. Koodathil Kallyatan Ambujakshan  309 ITR 113/175 Taxman 113 . In the said judgment, the Bombay High Court has ruled that the Central Board of Direct Taxes clarification based on the RBI’s letter stating that the receipts under the voluntary retirement scheme did not qualify for exemption under section 10(10C) of the Income-tax Act is not binding on the courts. The said judgment is holding the field for more than five years and the same is being followed by other courts. In view of the same, the second question of law does not arise for consideration. In view of the same, no interference is called for. The appeal fails and the same stands dismissed.
[Citation : 370 ITR 499]