High Court Of Jammu & Kashmir
A.K. Soni vs. CIT
Sections WT 6, WT 14
T.S. Doabia & M.Y. Kawoosa, JJ.
Original Writ Petn. Nos. 337, 338 & 378 to 382 of 1982
22nd March, 1999
J.M. Gupta & M.M. Gupta, for the Applicant : D.S. Thakur, for the Respondent
BY THE COURT :
In pursuance of the provisions contained in the Voluntary Disclosure of Income and Wealth Act, 1976 (âthe Actâ), the petitioner made some voluntary disclosures. The above statute deals with three types of voluntary disclosures. First is covered by s. 3 of the Act. The second type of disclosure is visualised by s. 14 of the Act. This disclosure of income is for those cases where a search and seizure has been made. The third type of disclosure is dealt with by s. 15 of the Act. This deals with voluntary disclosure of wealth. The petitioner submits that the voluntary disclosure in the present case was made in terms of s. 14. He had paid the tax on the disclosed income in two phases, i. e. , 50 per cent before 31st March, 1976 and 50 per cent by 31st March, 1977. It is submitted that once the payment was made in terms of s. 14, then the Revenue was not justified in levying interest. It is this levy of interest which is the subject-matter of challenge in this petition. The learned counsel appearing for the respondent IT authorities submits that the interest was payable and this interest was to be paid in terms of s. 6. It is submitted that earlier an ordinance in the shape of Voluntary Disclosure of Income and Wealth Ordinance of 1975 came into existence. If the amount of income-tax payable in respect of voluntarily disclosed income was not paid on or before 31st March, 1976, then the declarant was liable to pay simple interest at the rate of 12 per cent per annum on the amount remaining unpaid after 1st April, 1976. It is submitted that this amount was payable in terms of s. 6 of the ordinance which ordinance assumed the shape of the Parliament Act 8 of 1976. The short question which, thus, arises is as to whether the Revenue was within its rights to levy interest in terms of s. 6 or there is immunity from payment of interest when disclosure of income is made in terms of s. 14. The learned counsel appearing for the petitioner submits that the petitioner disclosed his income in terms of s. 14. It is submitted that in terms of s. 14(5), the immunity provided under s. 14(1) was not to be available to the declarant unless and until the tax chargeable in respect of the income of the previous year or years for which declaration was made, was paid in accordance with the provisions of s. 5. It will be seen that in terms of s. 5, the petitioner could pay one-half of the amount of the income-tax in respect of the voluntarily disclosed income by 31st March, 1976 and remaining by 31st March, 1977. Sec. 6 provided that if some tax remains unpaid up to 1st April, 1976, this interest was to be payable. It will further be seen that sub-s. (5A) was inserted in s. 14. It was provided that a declarant not paying the tax in accordance with s. 5 would continue to enjoy the immunity, provided he complied with the statutory requirements by 1st Jan., 1978.
7. Before the submissions made by the learned counsels for the parties are dealt with it would be apt to notice s. 5, s. 6, s. 14(5) and (5A). These read as under : “5. Time for payment of income-tax and for investment in notified securities.â (1) Subject to the provisions of sub-s. (2), the income-tax payable under this Act in respect of the voluntarily disclosed income shall be paid by the declarant before making the declaration and the declaration shall be accompanied by proof of payment of such tax. (2) If the CIT is satisfied, on an application made in this behalf by the declarant, that the declarant is unable, for good and sufficient reasons, to pay the full amount of income-tax in respect of the voluntary disclosed income in accordance with sub-s. (1), he may extend the time for payment of the amount which remains unpaid or allow payment thereof by instalments if the declarant furnishes adequate security for the payment thereof; so, however, that an amount which is not less than one-half of the amount of income-tax payable in respect of the voluntarily disclosed income shall be paid on or before the 31st March, 1976 and the remainder, if any, on or before 31st March, 1977. (3) The security required to be furnished by a declarant for the purposes of sub-s. (2) shall be in such form and in such manner as the CIT may, in his discretion, direct. (4) The investment in the securities referred to in sub-s. (3) of s. 3 shall be made by the declarant within thirty days from the date on which the declaration, is made by him under sub-s. (1) of that section.
6. Interest payable by declarant.âIf the amount of income-tax payable in respect of the voluntarily disclosed income is not paid on or before the 31st day of March, 1976, the declarant shall be liable to pay simple interest at twelve per cent per annum on the amount remaining unpaid from the 1st day of April, 1976 to the date of payment and the provisions of the IT Act and the rules made thereunder shall, so far as may be, apply as if the interest payable under this section was interest payable under sub-s. (2) of s. 220 of that Act. 14(5). The immunity provided under sub-s. (1) shall not be available to the declarants unless the tax chargeable in respect of the income of the previous year or years for which the declaration has been made is paid by the declarant in accordance with the provisions of s. 5. 14(5A). A declarant who has not paid, in accordance with the provisions of s. 5, the tax chargeable in respect of the income of the previous year or years for which the declaration has been made shall, notwithstanding anything contained in sub-s. (5), be entitled to the immunity provided under sub-s. (1) if before the 1st Jan., 1978, the declarantâ (i) pays the amount of such tax remaining unpaid; and (ii) pays the simple interest at the rate of twelve per cent per annum on the amount of such tax remaining unpaid on the 31st day of March, 1976 from the 1st day of April, 1976 to the date of payment of such tax.”
8. The petitioner had disclosed his income in terms of s. 14, therefore, he wanted immunity in terms of s. 14(1). For this he had to comply with the provisions of s. 5. As to whether there was a compliance or not, the petitioner was required to pay 50 per cent of the tax by 31st March, 1976 and the remainder by 31st March, 1977. Sec. 6 provides that in case the tax is not paid by 31st March, 1976, then interest is to be paid. This is the plain reading of the statutory provisions. To say that s. 6 is not applicable when income is disclosed in terms of s. 14, is an argument which is contrary to the plain reading of the statutory provisions. To repeat, in order to claim immunity under s. 14(1), the provisions of sub-s. (5) have to be looked into. This sub-s. (5) makes further reference to s. 5. Sec. 5 is controlled by s. 6. It is the chain of events indicated in the above manner which would govern the situation. So far as insertion of sub-s. (5A) is concerned, additional benefit was given. Immunity was provided to those assessees who made the payment by 1st Jan., 1978. This was an additional benefit allowed. Therefore, to say that s. 6 is not applicable to s. 14, is an argument which cannot be accepted. The learned counsel appearing for the petitioner has placed reliance on a circular issued by the CBDT. It is submitted that the question as to how the cases of those declarants who had paid the full amount but not in conformity with s. 5(2) was the subject-matter of the circular. The decision taken was that even if the procedure laid down in s. 5(2) of the Act was not adhered to in strict terms of the statute, the immunity would still be available. It will be seen that this circular deals with the grant of immunity and not with the subject of interest. Therefore, it is not applicable to the facts of this case. Thus, the argument raised by the learned counsel for the petitioner that the circular has a binding effect on the Departmental authorities and this Court should take notice of this, does not arise in this case. We are of the opinion that the circular in question deals only with the grant of immunity and does not deal with the subject of payment or non-payment of interest or applicability or non-applicability of s. 6 to a disclosure made in terms of s. 14.
The counsel for the petitioner places reliance on a Division Bench judgment of the Madras High Court in V.N. Swaminathan vs. CIT (1984) 150 ITR 375 (Mad) : TC 71R.370. In the above case, the assessee had paid two instalments. One before 31st March, 1976 and the other before 31st March, 1977. This was a case of voluntary disclosure of wealth under s. 15. In the above case, the assessee was held liable to pay interest. It was observed that if the assessee wants to get immunity under the Act, he has to pay the interest. The above case, as a matter of fact, does not advance the plea put across by the petitioner. In view of the above, we are of the opinion that the respondents were well within their rights to claim interest in terms of s. 6. This petition is found to be without merit and is dismissed with costs. Cost Rs. 500. This order shall govern the disposal of writ petitions, OWP Nos. 337 of 1982, 378 of 1982, 379 of 1982, 380 of 1982, 381 of 1982 and 382 of 1982.
[Citation : 248 ITR 241]