High Court Of Gujarat
CIT vs. Gujarat Industrial Products
Asst. Year 1984-85
M.S. Shah & D.A. Mehta, JJ.
IT Ref. No. 41 of 1993
16th October, 2001
Mihir H. Joshi for Manish R. Bhatt, for the Applicant : None, for the Respondent
D.A. Mehta, J. :
The Tribunal has referred the following two questions at the instance of the Revenue, under s. 256 (1) of the IT Act, 1961 (hereinafter referred to as âthe Actâ), for the opinion of this Court :
“1. Whether the Tribunal is right in law and on facts in deleting the addition on account of unpaid sales-tax liability amounting to Rs. 3,130 and Rs.895 invoking the provisions of s. 43B ?
2. Whether the Tribunal is right in law and on facts in deleting the additions made on account of unpaid royalty invoking the provisions of s. 43B amounting to Rs. 10,785 and Rs.4,599 ?”
2. The assessment year is 1984-85 and the relevant accounting period is year ended 30th June, 1983. The assessee, registered partnership firm, carries on business of manufacture of chalk powder and trading and selling followed mercantile assessment (sic-system) of accounting. It appears that there were two sales-tax accounts and the credit balance therefrom were taken to balance sheet. Similarly, there were two royalty accounts in which there was credit balance which was taken to the balance sheet. The ITO invoked provisions of s. 43B of the Act and disallowed the sum of Rs. 3,120 and Rs. 895 being outstanding sales-tax liability and Rs. 10,785 and Rs. 4,599 on account of unpaid royalty. The Dy. CIT(A) deleted the addition, Revenue carried the matter before the Tribunal. The Tribunal, for the reasons stated in its order, upheld the order of Dy. CIT(A) and hence, this reference.
We have heard Mr. M.H. Joshi, learned counsel appearing for the Revenue. Though served, none appears on behalf of the respondent-assessee.
Mr. Joshi fairly points out that first question referred to us stands concluded by a decision of the apex Court in the case of Allied Motors (P) Ltd. vs. CIT (1997) 139 CTR (SC) 364 : (1997) 224 ITR 677 (SC). Following the said decision, we hold that the Tribunal was right in law in deleting the addition on account of unpaid sales-tax liability amounting to Rs. 3,130 and Rs. 895 by holding that provision of s. 43B of the Act was not applicable.
Insofar as unpaid royalty is concerned, it was submitted on behalf of Mr. Joshi that s. 43B opens with non obstante clause and hence any deduction which was otherwise allowable under the Act could not be allowed unless and until amount had actually been paid by the assessee. It was further submitted that even if the assessee was following the mercantile system of accounting, it could not be permitted deduction on the basis of accrual of liability in view of the said section.
We have no quarrel with the aforesaid proposition canvassed by Mr. Joshi. However, provisions of s. 43B as they stood for the relevant assessment year read as under : “43B. Certain deductions to be only on actual payment.â Notwithstanding anything contained in any other provision of this Act, a deduction otherwise allowable under this
Act in respect ofâ (a) any sum payable by the assessee by way of tax or duty under any law for the time being in force, or”
The said provision was amended by substituting cl. (a) by Finance Act, 1988, w.e.f. 1st April, 1989. The substituted cl. (a) reads as under : “(a) any sum payable by the assessee by way of tax, duty, cess or fee, by whatever name called, under any law for the time being in force, or” Therefore, words “cess” or “fee” were not available nor was the phrase “by whatever name called” available for the purpose of invoking in case of outstanding royalty which was paid in the subsequent year. The word “royalty” does not fall within the meaning of “tax” or “duty”. Normally, the concept of royalty signifies a recurring payment made to the State for the extraction of minerals from land, i.e., something paid as a price for mineral rights. Royalty on mineral rights is not a tax on land but a payment for the user of land. Therefore, we find no infirmity in the reasoning of the Tribunal when it applied the provisions as were applicable to the assessment year under consideration viz., that as words “cess” or “fee” had been added w.e.f. 1st April, 1989, no disallowance in respect of the royalty amount could be made by resorting to provision of s. 43B of the Act. Moreover, the Tribunal has also taken note of the fact that the Dy. CIT(A) has recorded that both sales-tax and royalty liabilities became due in last quarter of the financial year and were payable and actually paid in the next accounting year before the due date of the return.
Both the questions, therefore, referred to us are answered in the affirmative, i.e., in favour of the assessee and against the Revenue.
11. The reference stands disposed of accordingly with no order as to costs.
[Citation : 274 ITR 635]