Gujarat H.C : Whether, on the facts and in the circumstances of the case and in law the Tribunal was right in coming to the conclusion that the payment made towards royalty to the collaborators was an allowable revenue expenditure ?

High Court Of Gujarat

CIT vs. Power Build Limited

Section 37(1)

Asst. Year 1979-80

B.C. Patel & K.M.Mehta, JJ.

IT Ref. No. 334 of 1984

20th December, 1999

Counsel Appeared

Manish R. Bhatt, for the Petitioner : None, for the Respondent

JUDGMENT

B.C. PATEL, J. :

At the instance of CIT, Baroda, reference is made by the Tribunal raising the following question of law as under : “Whether, on the facts and in the circumstances of the case and in law the Tribunal was right in coming to the conclusion that the payment made towards royalty to the collaborators was an allowable revenue expenditure ?”

2. The assessee, carrying on business of manufacturing various types of motors and weighing machines, was assessed for the asst. yr. 1979-80. Before the AO, the copy of agreement, dt. 31st March, 1976, was filed. The said agreement was thereafter amended on 3rd March, 1977. In view of the original agreement, the assessee-company was under obligation to return the books, technical data papers, drawings relating to the products authorised to be manufactured by the foreign collaborators. However, in view of amended agreement, the assessee was entitled to retain all these documents, technical data, design, documentation, etc. In view of the earlier agreement, the assessee was allowed to manufacture for a period of five years. However, later on there was no such restriction. It is in view of this the AO has not considered the amount of Rs. 79,916 as revenue expenditure. The Tribunal on the facts found that in the original agreement there was no renewal clause and the documents, that is to say, the technical know-how was required to be returned to the collaborators. However, in view of the later agreement for which no extra payment was to be made, the assessee was entitled to retain the technical know-how. The Tribunal held that if it had any value, the assessee might have been expected to pay for it. The Tribunal further held that it cannot be inferred that there was no particular value in the retention of the know-how documentation. Therefore, it can hardly be said that the assessee obtained an advantage of an enduring nature. It is required to be noted that the assessee was not a new unit engaged in manufacturing various types of motors and weighing machines and this advantage or benefit even if acquired to facilitate to run the existing business, it should be treated as revenue expenditure, in view of the decisions of this Court CIT vs. Sayaji Iron & Engg. Co. Ltd. (1994) 117 CTR (Guj) 9 : (1994) 201 ITR 950 (Guj) : TC 16R.1030 and CIT vs. Suhrid Geigy Ltd. (1996) 132 CTR (Guj) 102 : (1996) 220 ITR 153 (Guj) : S16.1740. It is not necessary to discuss in detail in view of settled legal position and facts of the case.

3. In view of what we have stated hereinabove, the answer is in affirmative, i.e., in favour of the assessee and against the Revenue.

[Citation : 244 ITR 19]

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