Gujarat H.C : Whether, on the facts and circumstances of the case, the Tribunal was right in holding that the expenditure incurred by the company in connection with amalgamation proceedings were not deductible while computing the total income ?

High Court Of Gujarat

CIT vs. Mihir Textiles Ltd.

Sections 37(1), 37(5), 40(c), 40A(5)

Asst. Year 1980-81, 1981-82

M.S. Shah & D.A. Mehta, JJ.

IT Ref. No. 93 of 1987

28th August, 2001

Counsel Appeared

Manish R. Bhatt, for the Petitioner : J.P. Shah & Manish J. Shah, for the Respondent

JUDGMENT

M.S. SHAH, J. :

In this reference two questions are referred for our decision at the instance of the Revenue and five questions are referred at the instance of the assessee. All the questions pertain to asst. yrs. 198081 and 1981-82. We take up the questions ad seriatum :

2. The following question is referred at the instance of the Revenue : (i) “Whether, the payments on account of medical insurance and accident insurance premium were liable to be included while calculating the disallowance under s. 40A(5) of the Act ?” Learned counsel for the parties agree that the question referred is concluded in favour of the assessee in the case of CIT vs. Cama Motors (P) Ltd. (1998) 147 CTR (Guj) 361 : (1998) 234 ITR 699 (Guj) : TC S19.2135. We accordingly answer the question in the negative i.e., in favour of the assessee and against the Revenue.

3. The following question is also referred at the instance of the Revenue : (2) “Whether, a sum of Rs. 46,610 paid to M/s Mettur Heardshell Ltd. was allowable as a deduction ?” Learned counsel for the parties agree that the aforesaid sum of Rs. 46,610 paid by way of royalty is held to be revenue expenditure as per the decision of this Court in CIT vs. Ashoka Mills (1996) 131 CTR (Guj) 1 : (1996) 218 ITR 526 (Guj) : TC S16.1736. We accordingly answer this question in the affirmative i.e., in favour of the assessee and against the Revenue.

4. Next five questions are referred at the instance of the assessee : (i) “Whether, on the facts and circumstances of the case, the Tribunal was right in law in holding that the disallowance is required to be made under s. 40(c) out of the remuneration paid to the managing director notwithstanding the fact that the remuneration was reasonable having regard to the business requirements of the company.” In view of the consensus between the counsel for the parties that the controversy raised herein is concluded in favour of the Revenue in IT Ref. No. 594 of 1980 [reported as Gujarat Steel Tubes Ltd. vs. CIT (1994) 116 CTR (Guj) 82 : TC 18R.336—Ed.], we answer this question in the affirmative i.e., in favour of the Revenue and against the assessee.

5. At the instance of the assessee, question No. 2 referred to us is as under : (2) “Whether, the Tribunal was right in law in holding that commission is required to be included while computing the disallowance under s. 40(c)?” Here also, there is consensus that the controversy has been concluded in favour of the Revenue as per the decision of this Court in CIT vs. Rohit Mills Ltd. (1996) 132 CTR (Guj) 556 : (1996) 219 ITR 228 (Guj) : TC S18.2006. We accordingly answer this question in the affirmative i.e., in favour of the Revenue and against the assessee.

6. At the instance of the assessee the following question No. 3 has been referred to us : (3) “Whether, on the facts and circumstances of the case, the Tribunal was right in confirming the disallowance of Rs. 30,577 invoking the provisions of s. 37(5) of the IT Act, 1961 ?” The question pertains to the amount of expenditure incurred by the assessee for maintenance of house at Bombay. The Tribunal has given a finding of fact that these premises were used by the assessee for accommodating the officers and executives as and when they were on official business on behalf of the company. In view of this finding and the decision of this Court in CIT vs. Kaira District Co- operative Milk Producers’ Union Ltd. (1994) 209 ITR 898 (Guj) : TC 17R.1468, we answer the question in the negative i.e., in favour of the assessee and against the Revenue.

7. The fourth question which has been referred at the instance of the assessee is as under :

4. “Whether, on the facts and circumstances of the case, the Tribunal was right in law in holding that the bank guarantee commission was an expenditure of capital nature ?” In view of the decision of the apex Court in CIT vs. Sivakami Mills Ltd. (1998) 144 CTR (SC) 172 : (1998) 227 ITR 465 (SC) : TC S17.1844 taking the view that guarantee commission given to the bank is revenue expenditure irrespective of the nature of expenditure, we answer this question in the negative i.e., in favour of the assessee and against the Revenue.

8. The fifth question referred to us at the instance of the assessee is as under : (5). “Whether, on the facts and circumstances of the case, the Tribunal was right in holding that the expenditure incurred by the company in connection with amalgamation proceedings were not deductible while computing the total income ?” Mr. Shah appearing for the assessee has invited our attention to the decision of the apex Court in CIT vs. Bombay Dyeing & Mfg. Co. Ltd. (1996) 132 CTR (SC) 217 : (1996) 219 ITR 521 (SC) : TC S17.1822 wherein it is held that expenditure incurred towards professional charges paid to a firm of solicitors for the services rendered in connection with the amalgamation was in the course of the assessee’s business and therefore, deductible as revenue expenditure. Mr. Shah further points out from para 9 of the order of the Tribunal that the disputed amount consists of fees paid to various advocates amounting to Rs. 30,577 in connection with the amalgamation proceedings as well as another amount of Rs. 6,835 being the expenditure incurred towards chairman and staff appointed under the direction of this Court for convening the statutory meeting under the Companies Act. In view of the decision of the apex Court in CIT vs. Bombay Dyeing & Manufacturing Co. Ltd. (supra) and looking to the nature of the expenses incurred by the assessee we answer the question in the negative i.e. in favour of the assessee and against the Revenue. The reference is disposed of accordingly with no order as to costs.

[Citation : 256 ITR 528]

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