High Court Of Calcutta
Commissioner Of Wealth Tax vs. Premnarain Praveen Kumar
Sections WT 5(1)(xxiii), WT 5(1A)
Asst. Year1977-78, 1978-79
Ajit Kumar Sengupta & Bhagwati Prasad Banerjee, JJ.
Matter (WT) No. 265 of 1984
11th July, 1989
AJIT K. SENGUPTA, J. :
In this reference under s. 27 (1) of the WT Act, 1957, for the asst. yrs. 1977-78, 1978-79 and 1979-80, the following question of law has been referred to this Court :
“Whether, on the facts and in the circumstances of the case, the Tribunal was justified in terms of s. 4(1)(b) r/w r. 2(l) of Wealth-tax Rules in directing that the net wealth of the firm should be computed after deducting the exemption under s. 5(1)(xxiii) read with s. 5(lA) of the Act before the determination of the value of the interest of the partner in the firm ?”
The short question which calls for determination in this reference is whether, in computing the net wealth of the firm, the exemption available to all the partners in terms of s. 5(1)(xxiii) ought to be allowed. The Tribunal held that the WTO should recompute the net wealth of the firm after deducting the exemption under s. 5(1)(xxiii) read with s. 5 (1 A) from the net wealth of the firm.
In our view, the Tribunal fell in error. A firm is not an assessee under the WT Act. A partner is assessable in respect of his share of interest in the firm. A partner of a firm cannot claim ownership in specific properties belonging to the partnership firm either during the continuance of the partnership or even on its dissolution but is entitled only to get a share in the profits during its continuance and is further entitled upon its dissolution or his retirement therefrom to the value of his share in the surplus of the partnership assets left after deduction of liabilities and prior charges on the date of dissolution or retirement. The interest of a partner in the partnership firm is property or asset liable to be included in the net wealth of the partner and is exigible to wealth-tax under the Act. Such asset will have to be valued for the purposes of the Act and, in this behalf, r. 2 (1) of the Wealth-tax Rules, 1957, prescribes the manner of valuing such interest. This rule provides that, in order to determine the valuation of partnerâs interest in the firm, first the net wealth of the firm has to be determined. The said rule further provides as to how the net wealth of the firm so determined shall be allocated among the partners of the firm. The allocated amount will be regarded as the value of the interest of each partner in the firm. A firm is not assessable to wealth-tax. Accordingly, the question of grant of any exemption will not arise. Exemption, if any, available to any partner in his individual wealth-tax assessment from net wealth including the allocated amount being the value of his interest in the firm, can be considered only in the partnerâs individual assessments. Exemption available to the partners under the Act in their individual assessments cannot be held to be any liability or debt of the firm in computing its net wealth under r. 2(1) r/w s. 7 of the Act.
In this connection, reference may be made to the decisions of this Court in CWT vs. Mira Mehta  155 ITR 765 and in CWT vs. Naurangrai Agarwalla  155 ITR 752. We, therefore, answer this question in this reference in the negative and in favour of the Revenue. There will be no order as to costs.
BHAGABATI PRASAD BANERJEE, J. :
[Citation : 187 ITR 539]