High Court Of Calcutta
CIT vs. Mukundray Kumar Shah
Sections 132(5), 132B
Altamas Kabir & Asit Kumar Bisi, JJ.
GA No. 3370 of 2004 & APOI No. 502 of 2004 in WP No. 2445 of 2003
1st October, 2004
Shibdas Banerjee & B. Samaddar, for the Appellant : N.K. Poddar with Debashis Mitra, for the Respondent
Altamas Kabir, J. :
This appeal at the instance of the Revenue is directed against the judgment and order dt. 5th April, 2004 passed by the learned single Judge on the writ application filed by respondent No. 1 herein, being Writ Petn. No. 2445 of 2003. By the said judgment and order the learned single Judge disposed of the writ petition and directed the Revenue authorities to release to the writ petitioner/respondent 9% RBI Relief Bonds, valued at Rs. 7.2 crores which had been seized during the search and seizure operation under s. 132 of the IT Act, 1961, conducted at the residence of the writ petitioner/respondent No. 1, 2/2, Justice Dwarkanath Road, Kolkata-700 020, on 24th Aug., 2000.
2. An application for stay of the said directions contained in the order of the learned single Judge has been filed in the appeal and has been taken up for consideration upon due notice to the writ petitioner/respondent. As will appear from the facts disclosed during the course of the hearing and also set out in the stay application, after the search and seizure operation, the assessing authority initiated assessment proceedings against the writ petitioner/respondent, hereinafter referred to as “the assessee”, by issuing notice under s. 158BC of the IT Act, 1961, hereinafter referred to as the “said Act”. The assessment proceedings were initiated not only against the assessee but also in the names of several members of his family. Pursuant to the said notice, the assessee filed a block return showing nil undisclosed income on 14th March, 2001. The block assessment against the assessee was completed on 29th Nov., 2002, wherein the AO assessed the undisclosed income of the assessee at Rs. 6,57,73,867 and additional demand of Rs. 4,70,96,716 was raised. The income assessed included addition of a sum of Rs. 5,99,00,000 on account of 9% RBI Relief Bonds held by the assessee as deemed dividend in accordance with the provisions of s. 2(22)(e) of the said Act.
The assessee filed an appeal before the CIT(A) against the said assessment order and by an order dt. 21st Feb., 2003, the appellate authority deleted the addition of Rs. 6,57,73,867 including addition of Rs. 5,99,00,000 on account of the deemed dividend in respect of 9% RBI Relief Bonds, 1999.
Being aggrieved by the said order of the CIT(A), the Revenue has preferred an appeal before the Tribunal, Calcutta. The said appeal is pending and is yet to be disposed of by the Tribunal. Immediately after the appellate order was passed by the CIT(A) in favour of the assessee, he made various representations before the appellants herein for release of the said 9% RBI Relief Bonds which had been seized in the course of search and seizure operation under s. 132 of the said Act, on 24th Aug., 2000. As the matter relating to the additions made in the assessment proceedings was pending before the Tribunal, the appellants did not release to the assessee the aforesaid bonds valued at Rs. 7.2 crores. Inasmuch as the Revenue did not release the said bonds to the assessee after the appellate order passed by the CIT(A), the assessee filed a writ petition in this Court, being Writ Petn. No. 2445 of 2003, which came up for hearing before the learned single Judge on 5th April, 2004 and was disposed of with a direction to the Revenue to release the seized 9% RBI Relief Bonds to the assessee within a period of eight (8) weeks from the date of communication of the order.
On behalf of the Revenue it was submitted that the learned single Judge had erred in directing release of the securities during the pendency of the appeal preferred by the Revenue before the Tribunal as in the event the appeal succeeds the Revenue will be prevented from realising its dues from the seized security. It was also urged on behalf of the Revenue that a regular assessment under s. 143(3) had been made by the AO for the asst. yr. 2000-01, and in the said assessment order no addition had been made with regard to the deemed dividend under s. 2(22)(e) of the aforesaid Act. Inasmuch as the said order was prejudicial to the interests of the Revenue, the CIT initiated proceedings under s. 263 of the aforesaid Act for inclusion of the deemed dividend income in the total income of the assessee. A second writ application was filed by the assessee challenging the initiation of the proceedings under s. 263 of the Act. By an order dt. 21st Jan., 2004, the learned single Judge gave liberty to the CIT to proceed with the notice issued under s. 263 and to pass orders thereupon, but not to give effect to the same without the leave of the Court.
On behalf of the Revenue, it was further urged that since the block assessment order which had been set aside by the appellate order of the CIT(A) had not yet reached finality and was the subject-matter of the present appeal before the Tribunal, the direction given by the learned single Judge to release the seized bonds was erroneous since in case the Revenue succeeds in the appeal it will find it difficult to realise the assessed tax from the assessee.
In support of his aforesaid submissions, Mr. Banerjee placed reliance on a Bench decision of the Allahabad High Court in the case of Bhagwat Prasad vs. CIT (1983) 33 CTR (All) 54 : (1983) 139 ITR 961 (All), wherein while answering the question as to whether the seized assets could be retained for the liability determined on completion of fresh assessment after remand, it was held that the assessment after the remand of the case would be either regular assessment or an ex parte assessment and for the amount of liability determined on completion of the same, the seized assets retained would be liable to be utilised. The Division Bench also observed that it could not be said that the assessment for the year under consideration had been completed or the proceedings had been quashed. The assets retained under s. 132(5) would, therefore, have to be retained to be dealt with in the manner provided under s. 132B.
It was urged that, although, the learned single Judge had observed in the judgment under appeal that the Revenue should have made an application for stay to withhold the security before the Tribunal, there is no provision under the ITAT Rules, 1963, which enables the Revenue to make such an application. It was urged that r. 35A of the said Rules provides that application for stay can be made before the Tribunal in respect of recovery of tax, interest, etc., but the same does not provide for the Revenue to make an application for withholding the seized securities. It was also submitted that the language used in r. 35A of the said Rules indicates that the same applies only in respect of an assessee against whom a demand is raised and the learned single Judge was, therefore, in error in disposing of the writ petition by directing release of the securities without giving any protection to the Revenue authorities in the matter of realisation of tax in respect of the assessment which was the subject-matter of appeal before the Tribunal. It was urged that the learned single Judge ought to have made release of the security dependant upon the final outcome of the pending appeal before the Tribunal.
7. Appearing for the writ petitioner/respondent No. 1, Mr. N.K. Poddar, learned senior counsel, submitted that the appeal preferred by the Revenue was without any merit whatsoever and was liable to be dismissed. It was urged by him that the question of retention of the seized RBI Bonds would have to be considered keeping in mind the fact that the seized bonds were disclosed assets and could not be retained for the purposes of s. 132B of the IT Act, 1961.
Mr. Poddar urged that the provisions of s. 132B had no application as such in respect of the seized bonds, inasmuch as, there was no existing liability on account of which the said bonds could be retained for recovery of any dues. Referring to the provisions of cl. (i) of s. 132B(1) of the IT Act, Mr. Poddar submitted that the said provision contemplates recovery in respect of the seized assets in relation to any existing liability either under the IT Act, the WT Act, the Expenditure-tax Act, the GT Act and/or the Interest-tax Act and the amount of liability determined on completion of the assessment under s. 153A or the amount of liability determined on completion of the assessment under Chapter XIV-B for the block period, as the case may be, and in respect of which such person is in default or is deemed to be in default. Mr. Poddar submitted that there was no existing liability within the meaning of cl. (i) of s. 132B(1) of the IT Act, as far as the appellant was concerned, inasmuch as, the block assessment which had been made by the AO on 29th Nov., 2002, in respect of the seized bonds had been set aside in appeal by the CIT(A) by his order dt. 21st Feb., 2003, deleting the addition of Rs. 6,57,73,867 including addition of Rs. 5,99,00,000 made on account of deemed dividend in respect of the seized bonds. Mr. Poddar urged that although an appeal was pending before the Tribunal against the order of the CIT(A), there was no existing liability on account whereof the seized bonds could be retained by the Revenue.
In this connection Mr. Poddar also referred to the two provisos to cl. (i) of s. 132B(1) of the IT Act, 1961, which read as follows : “Provided that where the person concerned makes an application to the AO within thirty days from the end of the month in which the asset was seized, for release of the assets and the nature and source of acquisition of any such asset is explained to the satisfaction of the AO, the amount of any existing liability referred to in this clause may be recovered out of such asset and the remaining portion, if any, of the asset may be released, with the prior approval of the Chief CIT or CIT, to the person from whose custody the assets were seized :
Provided further that such asset or any portion thereof as is referred to in the first proviso shall be released within a period of one hundred and twenty days from the date on which the last of the authorisations for search under s. 132 or for requisition under s. 132A, as the case may be, was executed; “
Mr. Poddar urged that the second proviso was, in fact, substituted in place of s. 132(5) of the above Act whereunder the ITO could previously make an interim assessment regarding the undisclosed income in respect of the seized goods and to calculate the amount of tax on the income so estimated, together with interest and penalty payable thereupon, and specify the amount that would be required to satisfy any existing liability and retain in his custody such assets or part thereof as was in his opinion sufficient to satisfy the aggregate of the amounts referred to and to release the remaining portion, if any, of the assets to the person from whose custody they were seized. Mr. Poddar submitted that the second proviso to cl. (i) of s. 132B(1) contemplates release of any seized asset or portion thereof within one hundred and twenty days from the date on which the last of the authorisations for search under s. 132 was executed. Mr. Poddar urged that, in any event, even if the seized articles were not disclosed assets, the IT authorities were under an obligation to release the same within the period specified under the second proviso.
Mr. Poddar submitted that in the instant case even the said provision was not applicable, inasmuch as, the IT authorities were not entitled to retain the bonds under the provisions of s. 132B since the same were not related to any undisclosed asset but formed part of the disclosed assets of the writ petitioner/respondent which could not be the subject-matter of seizure.
Mr. Poddar submitted that with the setting aside of the block assessment by the CIT(A), the retention of the seized bonds became legally incompetent, inasmuch as, the said bonds could no longer be related to any proceeding under s. 132B of the IT Act, 1961.
8. In support of his aforesaid submissions, Mr. Poddar referred to a Bench decision of the Allahabad High Court in the case of Hariharnath Agarwal & Sons (HUF) vs. CIT & Ors. (1996) 221 ITR 486 (All), wherein in somewhat similar circumstances a writ application was filed for a mandamus to direct the respondents to release the entire seized assets and money of the petitioner and to refund the various amounts. In the said case proceedings were taken under s. 132(5) of the IT Act. However, the regular assessment of the petitioner for the asst. yr. 1989-90 was completed and an assessment order was passed. Against the said order the petitioner appealed before the CIT who allowed the appeal and deleted certain additions and allowed certain claims which the AO had omitted to allow. Thereafter, the Department filed a second appeal before the Tribunal which was pending, but there was nothing on record to show that any stay order had been passed by the Tribunal. The petitioner who was aggrieved by an order dt. 19th Oct., 1993, directing him to furnish a bank guarantee of Rs. 20 lakhs for the release of the seized goods worth Rs. 17,29,292 filed the writ application wherein the Division Bench held that the impugned order was vitiated in law because once the regular assessment had been completed the proceedings under s. 132(5) automatically lapsed. Mr. Poddar contended that similarly in the instant case in the absence of any stay order from the Tribunal, the Revenue had no legal authority to retain the seized bonds.
9. Reference was also made to a Bench decision of the Punjab & Haryana High Court in the case of Naresh Kumar Kohli vs. CIT & Anr. (2004) 187 CTR (P&H) 140 : (2004) 266 ITR 553 (P&H), in which the provisions of sub-s. (3) of s. 132B of the IT Act were under consideration and it was held that once the amount assessed under s. 158BC was paid by the assessee, even if an appeal had been preferred from the order under s. 158BC, the same could not be a ground for retention of the seized assets. It was observed that no provision had been brought to the notice of the Court whereunder the Revenue could keep the release of the seized assets in abeyance during the pendency of an appeal, revision or reference filed by the Revenue.
10. Since the question regarding obtaining a stay from the Tribunal was one of the points raised during the hearing of the appeal, Mr. Poddar submitted that the submission made on behalf of the Revenue that the rules did not provide for any stay application to be filed by the Department was incorrect and that the said question had been considered and settled by the Honâble Supreme Court as far back as in 1968, in the case of ITO vs. M.K. Mohammed Kunhi (1969) 71 ITR 815 (SC). Mr. Poddar submitted that at the relevant point of time there was no provision at all in the ITAT Rules, 1963, for an application to be made to the Tribunal either by the assessee or the Department for stay pending the disposal of an appeal. Mr. Poddar submitted that it was in such background that the Honâble Supreme Court observed that the statutory power under s. 254 of the IT Act, which conferred on the Tribunal powers of the widest amplitude in dealing with appeals before it, carried with it the duty in proper cases to make such orders for staying recovery proceedings pending appeal before the Tribunal so that the appeal, if successful, was not rendered nugatory. Mr. Poddar submitted that the Honâble Supreme Court also observed in no uncertain terms that an express grant of statutory power carries with it by necessary implication the authority to use all reasonable means to make such grant effective.
Mr. Poddar submitted that the aforesaid decision of the Honâble Supreme Court led to the amendment of the ITAT Rules, 1963, and the inclusion of r. 35A which indicates the procedure for filing and disposal of stay petitions. Mr. Poddar submitted that, although, on a reading of r. 35A it would seem to appear that the said rule had been incorporated only for stay of recovery of demands, in fact, there was nothing in the said rule to suggest that the Revenue would not also be entitled to make an application for stay in appropriate cases. According to Mr. Poddar, such an interpretation would be in harmony with the observations made by the Honâble Supreme Court in M.K. Mohammed Kunhiâs case (supra).
Mr. Poddar submitted that the said decision of the Honâble Supreme Court had thereafter been consistently followed as would be evident from a Bench decision of the Andhra Pradesh High Court in the case of ITO vs. Khalid Mehdi Khan (Minor) (1977) 110 ITR 79 (AP). In this connection Mr. Poddar also referred to the decision of the Honâble Supreme Court in CIT vs. Bansi Dhar & Sons (1986) 50 CTR (SC) 250 : (1986) 157 ITR 665 (SC), where too it was observed that pending a reference before the High Court the Tribunal retained the jurisdiction to grant stay. It was reiterated that the power to grant stay is incidental and ancillary to appellate jurisdiction. A further submission was made by Mr. Poddar in connection with the said branch of his submissions to the effect that orders passed by the appellate authorities are binding on all the Revenue authorities and that the principles of judicial discipline require that the order of the higher appellate authorities should be followed unreservedly by the subordinate authorities. Mr. Poddar contended that once the CIT(A) had set aside the block assessment, and a regular assessment had followed, it was no longer open to the authorities of the Revenue to contend that the seized bonds were liable to be retained in the case of future liability of the assessee.
It was then urged by Mr. Poddar that there was no provision under the IT Act or the various rules framed thereunder and in connection therewith which permitted the Revenue authorities to retain the seized bonds, which were disclosed assets for realisation of future dues, if any. Mr. Poddar submitted that such an interpretation of s. 132B would render cl. (i) of s. 132B completely otiose.
Mr. Poddar submitted that the filing of the appeal by the Revenue before the Tribunal could not operate as a stay on return of the seized bonds without any formal order of stay in the pending appeal merely on account of the pendency of the appeal. It was submitted that in the absence of any provision which empowered the Revenue to retain the disclosed assets of an assessee, the said authorities were under an obligation to return the seized bonds on the setting aside of the block assessment.
In this regard, Mr. Poddar submitted that pursuant to the leave granted by the learned single Judge in the other writ application in which the proceedings under s. 263 of the aforesaid Act had been challenged, a regular assessment had been made for the asst. yr. 2000-01, but the same had been kept in abeyance as per the orders in the said writ application. However, in the said order of assessment it had been observed that the deemed dividend income purportedly under s. 2(22)(e) of the IT Act had no connection with the search and seizure action conducted in the assesseeâs case and the said deemed dividend income was rightly taxable in the regular assessment of the assessee made under s. 143(3) of the above Act. Mr. Poddar submitted that the RBI Bonds had been purchased out of the funds which the writ petitioner/respondent had withdrawn from the partnership concerns in which he had an interest and the same was not at all taxable.
Mr. Poddar submitted that, in any event, the said question had no relevance as far as the present case is concerned and the observations made in the order only go to show that the case made out by the Revenue before the learned Tribunal was without any substance. Mr. Poddar submitted that the pendency of the appeal before the learned Tribunal could not, therefore, be cited on behalf of the Revenue as a reason for retention of the seized bonds.
Mr. Poddar submitted that under no circumstances could the seized bonds be retained by the Revenue authorities in relation to the search and seizure conducted in the residence of the writ petitioner/respondent No. 1 on 24th Aug., 2000, and the judgment and directions of the learned single Judge did not warrant any interference whatsoever.
We have carefully considered the submissions made both on behalf of the Revenue and the assessee and the decisions cited and we find considerable force in Mr. Poddarâs submission that cl. (i) of s. 132B(1) contemplates detention of seized goods in respect of an existing liability and not otherwise.
In the instant case there is no existing liability as far as the assessee is concerned and the pendency of the appeal filed by the Revenue before the Tribunal against the order of the CIT(A) cannot be a ground for retention of the seized bonds by the Revenue. As has been pointed out by Mr. Poddar, after the block assessment had been set aside by the CIT(A), a regular assessment followed. Even in the assessment made in the proceedings under s. 263, it had been indicated by the AO that the deemed dividend relating to the seized bonds had no connection with the search and seizure conducted in the assesseeâs case and the deemed dividend income was rightly taxable in the regular assessment of the assessee made under s. 143(3) of the IT Act, 1961. In fact, the said observation of the AO makes it quite clear that there is no nexus between the search and seizure for the purposes of block assessment and the seizure of the bonds. There can, therefore, be no justification for the Revenue to retain the said bonds in connection with future liability, if any, of the assessee on account of payment of tax.
The submissions relating to the second proviso to cl. (i) of s. 132B(1) are not relevant to the outcome of the instant case since the seized bonds do not form part of the assesseeâs undisclosed assets which would have attracted the said provision, but are the assesseeâs disclosed assets in respect whereof the provisions of s. 132B can have no application.
In our view, once the block assessment in respect of the seized bonds was set aside by the CIT (A), the right of the Revenue to retain the said bonds ceased, unless, of course, an appropriate order of stay had been obtained by the Revenue in the pending appeal before the Tribunal. The judgment of the Allahabad High Court in Bhagwat Prasadâs case (supra) relied upon by Mr. Banerjee cannot have any application in the facts of this case in the absence of any existing tax liability of the assessee. The observations made by the Honâble Supreme Court in Kunhiâs case (supra) and in Bansi Dharâs case (supra) leave no manner of doubt that the appellate forum is vested with powers which are incidental and ancillary to the appellate jurisdiction, including the power to grant stay in appropriate cases, so that the decision in the appeal is not ultimately rendered infructuous in case the appeal succeeds. The Revenue has not, however, taken any steps under r. 35A of the ITAT Rules, 1963. We, therefore, see no reason to interfere with the judgment and order under appeal and the appeal and the application are both dismissed, but without any order as to costs.
The time to comply with the directions of the learned single Judge for return of the seized bonds is extended till 31st Oct., 2004.
[Citation : 278 ITR 425]