Authority For Advance Rulings (Income Tax), New Delhi
Endemol India (P.) Ltd., In Re
Section : 9, 195, 194C
Justice Dr. Arijit Pasayat, Chairman
And T.B.C. Rozara, Member
A.A.R. Nos. 1081 & 1082 Of 201196
February 19, 2014
1. Both the above two applications M/s Endemol India Private Limited (EIPL) are in relation to payment made to the same company incorporated and a tax resident of Brazil namely Utopia Films. The facts and questions raised in both the applications are also similar except in the case of application No.1082 the services are line production services and in application No.1081 the payments are for line production services for stunts. In both the applications the disputes are under convention between the Government of Republic of India and the Government of Federative Republic of Brazil for the avoidance of Double Taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income and capital gains (hereinafter referred to as India-Brazil Tax Treaty). The applications are disposed of by a common order for the sake of convenience.
2. The Endemol India Pvt. Limited (the Applicant) is a resident company incorporated under the Companies Act, 1956. It is engaged in the business of producing and distributing television programs. It mainly produces reality shows and has also ventured lately into soap operas. The applicant started stunt operations in 2006 with the non-fiction format show Bigg Boss (Big Brother) and also has other reality shows in India such as Fear Factor – Khatron Ke Khiladi etc. During the financial year 2010-11 the Applicant had produced the reality show ‘ Khatron Ke Khiladi – Series-3’ i.e. India’s version of Fear Factor which was aired on Colors channel. As per the format of the program/show, the shooting took place outside (primarily in Brazil). For the purpose of shooting the program/show, outside India, the applicant engaged Utopia Films which is a company incorporated in Brazil and is a tax resident of Brazil, for providing line production services and for providing line producer, local crew for providing stunt services, transport necessary for stunts for production of the show in Brazil. The contract agreement dated 3.8.2010 was signed between the applicant and the Utopia Films for the purpose.
3. As per the aforesaid agreement the following services are provided by Utopia Films to the applicant for the program/show:
(a)Arranging for crew and support personnel as may be requisitioned;
(b) Arranging for props and other set production materials’
(c) Arranging for safety, security and transportation;
(d) Arranging for filming and other equipments as may be requisitioned.
4. The anchor and the participants of the show are engaged and paid separately by the broadcaster and is not the responsibility of Utopia Films. Accordingly, there is no payment made by Utopia Films in this regard.
5. Utopia Films would provide the entire scope of services to the Applicant outside India. Utopia Films has been engaged for a particular season of a reality TV series and there is no continuity of relationship.
6. As per the agreement, the Applicant has paid towards the line production services provided by Utopia Films. Further, the taxes (if any) applicable in respect of the payments to be made to Utopia Films were to be borne by the Applicant.
7. Presenting the above facts, the applicant seeks ruling from the Authority on the following questions:—
(1) Whether the payments made by the applicant to Utopia Films for availing the line production services under the terms of the agreement would be in the nature of Independent Personal Services (‘IPS’) within the meaning of the term in Article 14 of ‘Convention between the Government of Republic of India and the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income and capital gains’ (‘India-Brazil Tax Treaty’)?
(2) On the facts and circumstances of the case, given that the India-Brazil Tax treaty does not contain a specific Article for the taxation of Fees for Technical Services (‘FTS’), would the liability to tax, if any, of the consideration paid to Utopia Films in respect of the line production services under the agreement be governed by Article 7 of the Indi-Brazil Tax Treaty, which deals with taxation of business profits?
(3) Whether the payments made by the Applicant to Utopia Films in respect of provision of equipment and services by Utopia films in Brazil would be in the nature of ‘ Royalty’ within the meaning of the term as per Article 12 of the India-Brazil Tax Treaty?
(4) Whether the payments made by the Applicant to Utopia Films for availing the line production services under the terms of the agreement would be in the nature of ‘ Other Income’ within the meaning of the term in Article 21 of the India-Brazil Tax Treaty?
(5) Based on answer to the Question (1) to (4) above, and in view of the facts as stated in Annexure III, whether it can be said that Utopia Films has a Permanent Establishment (‘PE’) in India in terms of the India-Brazil Tax Treaty and whether the payments received by Utopia Films would be chargeable to tax in India in absence of a PE?
(6) Whether the payments made by the Applicant to Utopia Films in respect of provision of equipment and services is in the nature of ‘ Royalty’ within the meaning of the term in Explanation 2 clause (vi) of section 9(1) of the Act?
(7) Whether the payments made by the Applicant towards the line production services provided by Utopia films in accordance with the agreement entered into with the Applicant is in the nature of FTS within the meaning of term in Explanation 2 to clause (vii) of section 9(1) of the Act?
(8) If the answer to Question (6) or (7) is in not in the affirmative, whether the payments made by the Applicant to Utopia Films for availing the line production services under the terms of the agreement would be charged to tax as per the provisions of section 9(1)(i) of the Act?
(9) Based on the above, would the receipts by Utopia Films from the Applicant suffer withholding tax under section 195 of the Act, and at what rate?
8. The application was admitted under section 245R(2) of the Income-tax Act, 1961 (the Act) and while admitting the application this Authority reserved for consideration the question whether the transaction is designed for avoidance of tax in India. The applicant was also directed to take out notice of the application alongwith the copy of the admission order on Utopia Films and file an affidavit affirming service of such notice on Utopia Films. No Objection Certificate from Utopia Films was accordingly filed.
9. According to the applicant the payment made to Utopia Films outside India for line production services and line production services for stunts as per the agreement do not fall within the purview of “Fees for Technical Services” (FTS) as per Explanation 2(2) section 9(1)(vii) of the IT Act or Royalty as per Explanation 2 of 9(1)(vi) of the Income-tax Act. It was also submitted that the payments are not taxable under the India-Brazil Tax Treaty as Royalty and Independent Personal Services (‘IPS’) as defined in the Treaty. Reliance was placed in the decision of the ITAT Mumbai in the case of Yash Raj Films (P.) Ltd. v. ITO (International Taxation)  28 taxmann.com 247/ 140 ITD 625 wherein the ITAT held that services rendered similar to that of the applicant were logistic services and they are not technical in nature within the meaning of Explanation 2 to 9(1)(vii) of the IT Act and the payments for the services were not subject to withholding tax in India. The Revenue on the other hand submitted that the services rendered by Utopia Films to the applicant are composite services that include materials and equipment alongwith requisite qualified technical personnel to operate the equipments and it’s the responsibility of Utopia Films to ensure that right people and right equipment are in place for performing those complicated stunts. It is not just coordination services or logistic services as claimed by the applicant. It was stated that the services rendered are highly complex and skill based requiring specialized professional training, knowledge and experience. They are professional services and the payment is covered under ‘Fees for Technical Services’.
10. Having heard the arguments of the learned counsel for the applicant and the Revenue, we are of the view that the services provided by the non-resident companies to the applicant company are line production services. In the applicant’s case in AAR No.1083 we have already held that the payments of similar nature are specifically characterized as work for the purpose of section 194C by Explanation to that section. Following our ruling in the applicants own case in AAR 1083 of 2011 dated 13th December, 2013, we hold that the payments made by the applicant to the non-resident company specifically falls under the definition of work under section 194C of the IT Act and they will not be taxable without Permanent Establishment in India. Consequently, the payment will not suffer withholding of tax under section 195 of the Income-tax Act, 1961.
[Citation : 361 ITR 658]